Confidential Biography: Mahalia Jackson

Crowds surrounding the Reflecting Pool, during the 1963 March on Washington United States Library of Congress‘s Prints and Photographs division
under the digital ID ppmsca.03130

Nameborn: Michael King Jr, changed at 5 years when father changed. his
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr
BornJanuary 15, 1929
AtlantaGeorgia, U.S.
DiedApril 4, 1968 (aged 39)
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
Cause: Assassination
SpousesCoretta Scott
(m. 1953)​
EducationMorehouse College (BA)
Crozer Theological Seminary(BDiv)
Boston University (PhD)
OccupationBaptist minister, civil rights leader, activist
Claim to FameCivil rights movement/Civil Rights Act/”I Have a Dream” speech
Peace movement
Achievements/Awards Nobel Peace Prize (1964 – youngest award winner at the time)
Presidential Medal of Freedom(1977, posthumous)
Congressional Gold Medal(2004, posthumous)
20 honorary degrees from colleges and universities across the US and around the world
the first African American to be named Time magazine’s ‘Man of the Year.’
There are approximately 900 streets named after MLK in the US
Fun Fact #1Her version of “Silent Night,” was one of the all-time best selling records in Denmark.
Fun Fact #2In 1950, Jackson was the first gospel singer to perform at Carnegie Hall
Fun Fact #3

Key Events

King was arrested in 1963 for protesting the treatment of blacks in Birmingham
Birmingham AL police dept – Original publication: circulated to news media in April 1963 Immediate source
King gave his most famous speech, “I Have a Dream”, before the Lincoln Memorial during the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
King stands behind President Johnson as he signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Rowland Scherman – This media is available in the holdings of the National Archives and Records Administration, cataloged under the National Archives Identifier (NAID) 542069